Gravity (1) (foto tenor.com)
Gravity (2) (foto Gifer)
Gravity (3) (foto Gfycat)
Gravity as Waves Through Not Quite Empty Space
A few years ago, The Jeffrey Epstein VI Foundation held a Conference in the US Virgin Islands, which brought together several Nobel lLureates and Eminent Physicists, including Stephen Hawking, to see if there was a Consensus on the Definition of Gravity.
Headed by Physicist, Lawrence Krauss, Professor of Physics at Arizona State University, there was a General Consensus that Gravity might exist in the Form of Waves and that these Waves could be a part of “what we’ve been calling, Empty Space.”
Indeed, defining Gravitational Waves as a part of Empty Space, might help Physicists explain how Gravity can occur at both the Macro and Quantum Level. So far, there’s been a Paradox because Conventional Notions of Gravity require little to no Spatial Energy for Entities to be bound to the other, a sense of Anti Gravity or Vacuum. But on the Quantum Level, Subatomic Particles are bound by the Exchange of increasingly intense Energy Parcels: Electrons by the Exchange of Photons, Neutrons and Protons (made up of Quarks) by the Exchange of Gluons, and the Decay of Quarks and Leptons by the Exchange of Vector W and Z Bosons.
The Notion of Gravitational Waves is not new. They were predicted by Albert Einstein to exist from the Curvature of Space Time, and although they’ve never been directly detected, there is indirect Evidence from the Study of Binary Stars, Neutron Stars and Black Holes. What bothers Krauss though is that there’s still a Lack of Basic Physics to explain them. “(…) We have these Ideas and these Parameters and every Experiment is consistent with this Picture, and yet nothing points to the Fundamental Physics beneath it.”
At the Conference though, Krauss and others focused on finding such an Explanation. Empty Space, they suggested, is perhaps Neither Full, Nor Empty but is rather in a State of Flux between intense Energy Spurts and their Cancellation. “We know Empty Space isn’t empty, because it’s full of these Virtual Particles that pop In and Out of Existence,” Krauss points out, “If you try and calculate the Energy Level in a Hydrogen Atom, and you don’t include those Virtual Particles, you get a Wrong Answer. Every now and then you have an Electron Positron Pair that pops into Existence,” he continues. “And [while] the Electron wants to hang around near the Proton because it’s oppositely charged, the Positron is pushed to the Outskirts of the Atom, and while there, they change the Atom’s Charged Distribution in a very small, but calculable, way. Feynman and others calculated that Effect, which allows us to get Agreement between Theory and Observation at the Level of nine decimal Places. It’s the best Prediction in all of Science. There’s no other place in Science where, from Fundamental Principles, you can calculate a Number and compare it to an Experiment at nine decimal Places like that.”
But if Empty Space is full of intense Virtual Particles, not to mention other Particles, it’s equally Full of the Cancellation of Energy. Symmetry in Nature occurs all the time, Krauss notes and can produce exact Cancellations, for example the Peak of a Wave coinciding with the trough of another. Absolute Cancellation is Mathematically Challenging though, Krauss points out. “You can’t take two [Energy] Numbers that are very large and expect them to exactly cancel leaving something that’s 120 Orders of Magnitude smaller left over. And that’s what would be required to have an Energy that was comparable with the Observational Upper Limits on the Energy of Empty Space.”
To deal with this Difficulty, Krauss simply derives that the Energy of Empty Space could never be exactly Zero. And to distinguish it from Pure Empty Space, one would have to measure it over time as it fluctuates. “The only Observation that would give you Positive Information is if you could measure it changing over Time. Then you’d know it wasn’t Vacuum Energy.”
This View of Not quite Empty Space, made up of Intense Energies that almost cancel each other out, might very well help to explain the Physics of Gravitational Waves emerging from Curved Space: not just in their Architecture but their Capacity to occur in both the High Energy Quantum Realm as well as the apparent Voids of Gravitational Space.
“Right now we’re floundering,” Krauss admits. “We’re floundering, in a lot of different Areas.” But from a Gravity Point of View, the Approach of [not quite empty space] might well lead to a Unified Theory.
Gravity has been defined through the centuries as a Force that draws one Mass to the other based on their Proportional Weight. Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity, suggests that Gravity occurs because of a Mass Curvature of Space and that lighter Masses get drawn towards this Curvature.
Posted by Jeffrey Epstein at 11:08 AM
jeffreyepstein.org, January 1st 2013