The Film Archives – Friedrich Nietzsche: Books, Philosophy, Quotes, Biography, Works, Ideas, Education, Nihilism | Compilation

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Nietzsche: Books, Philosophy, Quotes, Biography, Works, Ideas, Education, Nihilism Compilation

In première gegaan op 1 nov. 2021

The Film Archives

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (born 15 October 1844  –  25 August 1900) was a German Philosopher, Cultural Critic, Composer, Poet, Writer, and Philologist.

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His Work has exerted a Profound Influence on Modern Intellectual History. He began his Career as a Classical Philologist before turning to Philosophy. He became the Youngest Person ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869 at the Age of 24. Nietzsche resigned in 1879 due to Health Problems that plagued him Most of his Life; he completed much of his Core Writing in the Following Decade. In 1889, at Age 44, he suffered a Collapse and Afterward a Complete Loss of his Mental Faculties. He lived his Remaining Years in the Care of his mother until her Death in 1897 and then with his Sister Elisabeth Förster Nietzsche. Nietzsche died in 1900.

Nietzsche’s Writing spans Philosophical Polemics, Poetry, Cultural Criticism, and Fiction while displaying a Fondness for Aphorism and Irony. Prominent Elements of his Philosophy include his Radical Critique of Truth in Favor of Perspectivism; a Genealogical Critique of Religion and Christian Morality and related Theory of Master Slave Morality; the Aesthetic Affirmation of Life in Response to both the “Death of God” and the Profound Crisis of Nihilism; the Notion of Apollonian and Dionysian Forces; and a Characterization of the Human Subject as the Expression of Competing Wills, collectively understood as the Will to Power. He also developed Influential Concepts such as the Übermensch and the Doctrine of Eternal Return. In his Later Work, he became increasingly Preoccupied with the Creative Powers of the Individual to overcome Cultural and Moral Mores in Pursuit of New Values and Aesthetic Health. His Body of Work touched a Wide Range of Topics, including Art, Philology, hHstory, Music, religion, Tragedy, Culture, and Science, and drew Inspiration from Figures such as Socrates, Zoroaster, Arthur Schopenhauer, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Wagner and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

After his Death, his Sister Elisabeth edited his Unpublished Writings to fit her German Ultra Nationalist Ideology while often Contradicting or Obfuscating Nietzsche’s Stated Opinions, which were Explicitly Opposed to Anti Semitism and – Through her Published Editions, Nietzsche’s Work became Associated with Fascism and Nazis. 20th Century Scholars contested this Interpretation, and Corrected Editions of his Writings were soon made available. Nietzsche’s Thought enjoyed Renewed Popularity in the 1960’s and his Ideas have since had a Profound Impact on 20th and Early 21st Century Thinkers across Philosophy – especially in Schools of Continental Philosophy such as Existentialism, Post Modernism and Post Structuralism – as well as Art, Literature, Psychology, Politics, and Popular Culture.

Benito Mussolini, Charles de Gaulle and Huey Percy Newton read Nietzsche. Richard Nixon read Nietzsche with “Curious Interest“, and his Book Beyond Peace might have taken its Title from Nietzsche’s Book Beyond Good and Evil which Nixon read beforehand. Bertrand Russell wrote that Nietzsche had exerted Great Influence on Philosophers and on People of Literary and Artistic Culture, but warned that the Attempt to put Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Aristocracy into Practice could only be done by an Organization similar to the Fascist or the Nazi Party.

A Decade after World War II, there was a Revival of Nietzsche’s Philosophical Writings thanks to Translations and Analyses by Walter Kaufmann and Reginald John Hollingdale. Georges Bataille was also Influential in this Revival, defending Nietzsche against Appropriation by the Nazi’s with his Notable 1937 EssayNietzsche and Fascists“. Others, well Known Philosophers, including Martin Heidegger, produced a Four Volume Study, and Lev Shestov, wrote a book called Dostojevski, Tolstoj and Nietzsche where he portrays Nietzsche and Fjodor Dostojevski as the “Thinkers of Tragedy“. Georg Simmel compares Nietzsche’s Importance to Ethics to that of Copernicus for Cosmology. Sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies read Nietzsche avidly from his Early Life, and later frequently discussed many of his Concepts in his Own Works. Nietzsche has influenced Philosophers such as Martin Heidegger, Jean Paul Sartre, Oswald Spengler, George Grant, Emil Cioran, Albert Camus, Ayn Rand, Jacques Derrida, Sarah Kofman, Leo Strauss, Max Scheler, Michel Foucault, Bernard Williams, and Nick Land. Camus described Nietzsche as “the Only Artist to have derived the Extreme Consequences of an Aesthetics of the Absurd“. Paul Ricœur called Nietzsche one of the Masters of theSchool of Suspicion“, alongside Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud. Carl Jung was also influenced by Nietzsche.


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