Marc Chagall: Painter of Love (YouTube)
Marc Chagall (foto YouTube)
Published 1 dec. 2017
Marc Zakharovich Chagall (/ʃəˈɡɑːl/ shə GAHL) born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal ,6 July [OS 24 June] 1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Russian French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin. An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in virtually every artistic format, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.
Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as “the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century” (though Chagall saw his work as “not the dream of one people but of all humanity“). According to art historian Michael J Lewis, Chagall was considered to be “the last survivor of the first generation of European modernists“. For decades, he “had also been respected as the world’s preeminent Jewish artist“. Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, windows for the UN, and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra.
Before World War I, he travelled between Saint Petersburg, Paris and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern European Jewish folk culture. He spent the wartime years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country’s most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avant-garde, founding the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris in 1922.
He had two basic reputations, writes Lewis: as a pioneer of modernism and as a major Jewish artist. He experienced modernism’s “golden age” in Paris, where “he synthesized the art forms of Cubism, Symbolism, and Fauvism, and the influence of Fauvism gave rise to Surrealism“. Yet throughout these phases of his style “he remained most emphatically a Jewish artist, whose work was one long dreamy reverie of life in his native village of Vitebsk.” “When Matisse dies,” Pablo Picasso remarked in the 1950s, “Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what colour really is“.
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Marc Chagall: The Life of an Artist, the Painter of Love
Marc Chagall -The Birthday
Published 18 dec. 2019
Why is Marc Chagall known as the painter of Love? Chagall an orthodox Jew, was born in Vitebsk, Russia on the 7th of July 1887 as Moshe Segal. He was the eldest of nine children. In 1910 Chagall moved to Paris, where he changed his name to the more French sounding Marc Chagall and in 1911 moved into his own studio in La Ruche, the legendary Parisian artist colony. On 25th of July 1915 Marc Chagall married Bella Rosenfeld in Vitebsk.
By 1919 Marc Chagall had set up the Vitebsk School of Fine Arts with artists Kazimir Malevich and El Lissitzky. But things did not go well and Chagall soon upped and left. Shortly afterwards, Malevich renamed the Art School the Suprematist Academy. By the 1930’s Marc Chagall’s paintings were selling well. In 1933 a number of Chagall’s paintings were publicly burnt by the Nazis, outside of the Mannheim Art Gallery. In 1937, on the orders of the Nazi regime, all Chagall’s works were removed from German museums, three were shown in the notorious Degenerate Art Exhibition in 1937.
Shortly after the outbreak of World War II, Chagall moved his family to the United States.
In New York Pierre Matisse, the son of artist Henri Matisse, organised Chagall’s first exhibition in America, in November 1941, at the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York. In the late 1940’s exhibitions were held of Chagall’s work in New York, London, Zurich and Bern in Switzerland. They were all hugely successful. But Marc Chagall longed to return to France, in 1948 he left America for good. In 1950 he moved to Vence in the South of France and intermittently met up with Matisse and Picasso both of whom had studios nearby.
In 1951 he married Valentina Brodsky. Their marriage gave him new energy later he visited Chartres Cathedral to study medieval stained-glass window painting. This inspired him and in 1959 he created stained glass windows for the north apse of Metz Cathedral in France. 1964 saw Marc Chagall complete the window of the Good Samaritan for the John D Rockefeller Junior Memorial and the Peace window for the United Nations building in New York. Marc Chagall died at his home in St Paul de Vence at the age of 97, on the 28th of March 1985.
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Chagall image Credits Israel Museum Collection Chagall
Chagall Image Carl Van Vechten
Knesset Photos SIAE Photo by Nizzan Cohen CC BY-SA 4.0
Lachaim by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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