Eric Zuesse – America’s Chief Deceit against Russia that Led the World to Its Present Brink of WWIII

America’s Chief Deceit against Russia that Led the World to Its Present Brink of WWIII

This is about the US Government’s Lie to the Naive Gorbachev, which fooled him to accept the US Empire’s Proposal that East Germany become A Part of West Germany, and that the Soviet Union and its One Party Rule End, and that its Warsaw Pact Military Alliance End while America’s NATO Military Alliance wouldn’t. In Other Words, it’s about How the Cold War on America’s Side continued Secretly, and Now Again brings America and Russia to the Very Brink of WWIII, after the Cold War on Russia’s Side ended in 1991, Ended on the Basis of America’s Lie and Russia’s Trust in that Lie,

On 10 September 2015, I documented this Lie in my How America Double Crossed Russia and Shamed The West, I did It then because so many US and AlliedHistorians’ were Alleging It Not to Have Happened but to Be Mere ‘Russian Propaganda’, and, after Russia Invaded Ukraine in 2022, Some have Even Alleged that European Security has in Fact Benefited Significantly from NATO’s Enlargement”, A Lie on Top of the Basic One, and I also Quoted There ‘Historians’ Who denied this Basic Lie, so that A Reader could See Not Only the Truth but the Regime’s AgentsLies denying that It, The West’s Big Lie, had Actually Happened or that It was Important. But, Then, on 12 December 2017, the US National Security Archives at George Washington University Released Even Fuller Documentation of the Lie that had Occurred by the US Government, and Here are Highlights from their Documentation of It, So that this Continuing Big Lie will Be Recognized by Every Sane Person as Being What It is, the Big Lie that Might End Up Producing World War Three,

Memorandum of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and James Baker in Moscow


Memcon from 2|9|90 Meeting with USSR Premier Gorbachev and FM Shevardnaze, Moscow, USSR

Secretary of State James Baker” “We Understand the Need for Assurances to the Countries in The East. If We Maintain A Presence in A Germany that is A Part of NATO, there would Be No Extension of NATO’s Jurisdiction for Forces of NATO One Inch to The East.”

MEMORANDUM OF CONVERSATION” “Date, Friday, February 9, 1990” “Time, 1:00 PM – 3:00 PM” “Place, Kremlin” “
PARTICIPANTS, Secretary Baker, President Gorbachev, Eduard Shevardnaze”

Description [of document], Even with (Unjustified) Redactions by US Classification Officers, this American Transcript of Perhaps the Most Famous US Assurance to the Soviets on NATO Expansion, confirms the Soviet Transcript of the Same Conversation. Repeating What Bush Said at the Malta Summit in December 1989, Baker tells Gorbachev, “The President and I Have Made Clear that We Seek No Uni Lateral Advantage in this Process” of Inevitable German Unification. Baker Goes On to Say, “We Understand the Need for Assurances to the Countries in The East. If We Maintain A Presence in A Germany that is A Part of NATO, There would be No Extension of NATO’s Jurisdiction for Forces of NATO One Inch to The East.” Later in the Conversation, Baker Poses the Same Position as A Question, “Would You Prefer A United Germany Outside of NATO that is Independent and has No US Forces or Would You Prefer A United Germany with Ties to NATO and Assurances that There would Be No Extension of NATO’s Current Jurisdiction Eastward?” The Declassifiers of this Memcon Actually Redacted Gorbachev’s Response that Indeed Such an Expansion would be “Unacceptable”, but Baker’s Letter to Kohl the Next Day, Published in 1998 by the Germans, Gives the Quote.

US Department of State, FOIA 199504567, National Security Archive Flashpoints Collection, Box 38

Declassified Documents Show Security Assurances against NATO Expansion to Soviet Leaders from Baker, Bush, Genscher, Kohl, Gates, Mitterrand, Thatcher, Hurd, Major, and Woerner

Slavic Studies Panel AddressesWho Promised What to Whom on NATO Expansion?”

Washington DC, December 12, 2017, US Secretary of State James Baker’s Famous “Not One Inch EastwardAssurance about NATO Expansion in his Meeting with Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev on February 9, 1990, was Part of A Cascade of Assurances about Soviet Security Given by Western Leaders to Gorbachev and Other Soviet Officials throughout the Process of German Unification in 1990 and On into 1991, According to Declassified US, Soviet, German, British and French Documents Posted Today by the National Security Archive at George Washington University,

The Documents show that Multiple National Leaders were Considering and Rejecting Central and Eastern European Membership in NATO as of early 1990 and through 1991, that Discussions of NATO in the Context of German Unification Negotiations in 1990 were Not at All Narrowly Limited to the Status of East German Territory, and that Subsequent Soviet and Russian Complaints about Being Misled about NATO Expansion were Founded in Written Contemporaneous Memcons and Telcons at the Highest Levels. 

The Documents Reinforce Former CIA Director Robert Gates’s Criticism of “Pressing Ahead with Expansion of NATO Eastward [in the 1990s], when Gorbachev and Others were Led to Believe That wouldn’t Happen.” [1] The Key Phrase, Buttressed by the Documents, is “Led to Believe.”

President George HW Bush had Assured Gorbachev during the Malta Summit in December 1989 that the US would Not Take Advantage, “I have Not Jumped Up and Down on the Berlin Wall”, of the Revolutions in Eastern Europe to Harm Soviet Interests; but Neither Bush nor Gorbachev at that Point, or For that Matter, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, expected So Soon the Collapse of East Germany or the Speed of German Unification. [2]

The First Concrete Assurances by Western Leaders on NATO began on January 31, 1990, when West German Foreign Minister Hans Dietrich Genscher Opened the Bidding with A Major Public Speech at Tutzing, in Bavaria, on German Unification. The US Embassy in Bonn, see Document 1, Informed Washington that Genscher Made Clear “That the Changes in Eastern Europe and the German Unification Process must Not Lead to an ‘Impairment of Soviet Security Interests.’ Therefore, NATO should Rule Out an ‘Expansion of Its Territory towards The East, id est Moving It Closer to the Soviet Borders.’” The Bonn Cable Also Noted Genscher’s Proposal to Leave the East German Territory Out of NATO Military Structures even in A Unified Germany in NATO. [3]

This Latter Idea of Special Status for the German Democratic Republic (GDR) Territory was Codified in the Final German Unification Treaty signed on September 12, 1990, by the Two Plus Four Foreign Ministers, see Document 25. The Former Idea about “Closer to the Soviet Borders” is Written Down Not in Treaties but in Multiple Memoranda of Conversation between the Soviets and the Highest Level Western Inter Locutors, Genscher, Kohl, Baker, Gates, Bush, Mitterrand, Thatcher, Major, Wörner, and others, Offering Assurances throughout 1990 and Into 1991 about Protecting Soviet Security Interests and Including the USSR in New European Security Structures. The Two Issues were Related but Not the Same. Subsequent Analysis Sometimes Conflated the Two and Argued that the Discussion did Not Involve All of Europe. The Documents pPublished below Show Clearly that It did.

The “Tutzing Formula” Immediately Became the Center of A Flurry of Important Diplomatic Discussions over the Next 10 days in 1990, Leading to the Crucial February 10, 1990, meeting in Moscow between Kohl and Gorbachev when the West German Leader achieved Soviet Assent in Principle to German Unification in NATO, as Long as NATO did Not Expand to The East. The Soviets would Need Much More Time to Work with Their Domestic Opinion, and Financial Aid from the West Germans, before Formally Signing the Deal in September 1990.

The Conversations before Kohl’s Assurance Involved Explicit Discussion of NATO Expansion, the Central and East European Countries, and How to Convince the Soviets to Accept Unification. For Example, on February 6, 1990, when Genscher Met with British Foreign Minister Douglas Hurd, the British Record Showed Genscher Saying, “The Russians must Have some Assurance that If, For Example, the Polish Government left the Warsaw Pact One Day, They would Not Join NATO the next.” See Document 2.

In Addition, There is This, On 11 August 2014, Mary Elise Sarotte Headlined at the US Empire’s Own Foreign Affairs Journal, A Broken Promise? As If There Still hadBbeen Any Doubt that It was That, and So an Honest Title for her Article would Have Been “A Broken Promise” or Even “A Broken Promise!” Because There’s No Question about It. She Reported Not Only That It Definitely was A Lie, and One by the US Government Itself; and that US President George Herbert Walker Bush told America’s Stooge Leaders, Starting on 24 February 1990, that It was Going to Be A Broken Promise because “‘TO HELL WITH THAT! [promise] HE [Bush] SAID. ‘WE PREVAILED, THEY DIDN’T.’” In Other Words, on the Night of 24 February 1990, Bush Started Secretly Ordering his Vassals to Continue Forward with the Intention for the US Alliance Ultimately to Swallow Up Not Only the Rest of the USSR but All of the Warsaw Pact and Finally Russia Itself. And This has Been Precisely what the US Regime and Its Colonies have Been Doing, Up until 24 February 2022, when Russia Finally Put Its Foot down, to Stop NATO’s Coming within around A Mere 300 Miles of The Kremlin.

Consequently, Even if NATO Served A Constructive Purpose during 1945 – 1991, It has Afterward Only Endangered the World, Including Especially Europe, Making Europe Be again the Main Battlefield if Another World War occurs, and thus its Continuance after 1991 can Reasonably Be Considered A Massive International Crime by the US Government.

NATO is an Extension of the Will of the US Government, and This is So Blatant A Fact So that Article 13, Which is the Only Portion of NATO’s Charter, the North Atlantic Treaty, that says Anything about How A Member Nation may Either Quit NATO or be Expelled from NATO, places the US Government in Charge of Processing A “Denunciation” Voluntary Withdrawal, the Charter’s Term for Resigning from NATO. This Term “Denunciation”, instead of “Withdrawal”, Clearly Means that if Any Member does Quit, Then that will Be Interpreted by NATO as Constituting A Hostile Act, Which will Have Consequences, the Resigning Member will be Placed onto NATO’s Unspoken List of Enemies. NATO’s Charter has No Provision by Which A Member can Be Expelled. Moreover, It Fails to Include Any Provision by Which the Charter can Be Amended or Changed in Any Manner. No Charter or Constitution that Fails to Include A Provision by Which it may Be Amended can Reasonably Be Acceptable to A Democracy, It is So Rigid as to Be 100% Brittle, Impossible to Adapt to Changing Challenges. The NATO Charter Itself is A Dictatorial Never A Democratic Document. It takes Up, for the US Regime after 1945, the Function that the Nazi Party had Held Prior to That In and for Germany, after Hitler Died, America Took Up and has Held High his Torch for Global Dictatorship. In Fact, “The Government of the United States of America” is Also Stated in Article 10 as the Entity to Process Applications to Join NATO, and, in Article 11, as Being the Processor of “Ratifications” of Applications to Join.

This Treaty is an Imperial document, of the US Empire, None Other, And, after 1991, Its Continuation is Based Only on Lies, Including the One that Now is Coming to A Head in Ukraine, Which is Not A NATO Member, though Biden said It is, he Said Recently of Ukraine, that They are Part of NATO.” Tyrants Imagine That What They Want can Simply Be Willed into Existence, and They don’t Care about the Essential Needs of Others. Such Individuals are Driven by Their Own Hatreds. That is What Stands at the Very Top of NATO.

And This is Why We are Now at the Nuclear Brink, because of an Organization that Ought to Have Ended in 1991.

Investigative Historian Eric Zuesse’s Latest Book, AMERICA’S EMPIRE OF EVIL, Hitler’s Posthumous Victory, and Why the Social Sciences Need to Change, is about How America Took Over the World after World War II in Order to Enslave It to US and Allied Billionaires. Their Cartels Extract the World’s Wealth by Control of Not Only Their ‘NewsMedia but the Social ‘Sciences’, duping the Public.
Eric Zuesse blogs at

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