Gemeente Zwartewaterland – Nieuwsbrief + Here I stand – Luther 3D + Sketchfab – Lutherbüste + – Dodenmasker Luther + A Reader of Brazil – Blasphemies of Luther



Deze nieuwsbrief opent met een digitale reconstructie van Maarten Luther op basis van zijn doodsmasker.

Gemeente Zwartewaterland, Nieuwsbrief juni 2016, nr. 6

Luther 3D

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Luther 3D from Here I stand… on Vimeo.

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Lutherbüste/Luther Bust, 1807

Johann Gottfried Schadow was commissioned to design the first public memorial to Martin Luther.

Het dodenmasker van Luther

Het dodenmasker van Luther (foto

Het dodenmasker van Luther (foto

De stad Halle lijkt op het eerste gezicht niet echt een ‘Lutherstad’ zoals bijvoorbeeld Wittenberg, Eisleben en Eisenach zijn. Toch is de stad in het bezit van een bijzonder Luther-object, waardoor ze misschien tóch een plekje in het rijtje verdienen. In de kelder – en later in de torenkamer – van de schitterende Marktkerk in Halle lag namelijk voor 300 vergeten jaren het dodenmasker van Luther. Hoe is het masker daar terechtgekomen?

Justus Jonas verwerft het dodenmasker

Na Luthers dood in de nacht van 18 op 19 februari 1546 in Eisleben, kwam bijna direct de kunstenaar Lukas Furtenagel langs, die een gipsafdruk van zijn gezicht maakte. Van deze afdruk werd uiteindelijk een masker van wax gemaakt, die in het bezit kwam van een vriend van Luther, Justus Jonas, de eerste reformatorische voorganger in de kerk in Halle. Wat er de eerste jaren met dit dodenmasker is gedaan, is niet bekend. Wel wordt er in 1663 voor het eerst melding gemaakt van een levensechte Lutherpop in de kerk in Halle.

Een schrikwekkende verschijning

Een gipsen lijf met typische Luther kledij met daarop bevestigd het dodenmasker met toegevoegde, blauwglazen ogen. De pop werd achter een tafel gezet waar hij met een opengeslagen Bijbel voor zich druk aan het werk leek. Niet elke kerkganger was blij met deze levensechte – voor een enkeling misschien wel schrikwekkende – verschijning vlakbij de ingang van de kerk.
Hoofd en handen

Daarop verdween het masker weer in de krochten van de kerk. In aanloop naar de viering van 500 jaar Reformatie is het unieke masker weer tevoorschijn gehaald. In een vitrine is het masker aan een zwarte achtergrond bevestigd, net als twee(nagemaakte) handen. Heel symbolisch gaat deze keer de aandacht uit naar het hoofd en de handen, de instrumenten waarmee hij de Reformatie mogelijk maakte. Gelukkig is nergens meer een gipsen lijf te vinden, die ons moet laten geloven dat Luther nog steeds druk aan ’t werk is.

The Blasphemies of Luther

Death mask Luther (foto Tradition in Action)

Death mask Luther (foto Tradition in Action)

The Protestants say: “Luther was a tool of God to correct the Church.” I invite you to see whether a man who wrote the blasphemies listed here can be used by God for anything good.

Who was Martin Luther? He was the founder of a religion without sacraments or an ecclesiastic hierarchy, a man who despised the value of pious and penitent works for our salvation. He was an apostate monk who made heretical statements concerning Catholic Doctrine, which can be read below.

On God and Jesus Christ

According to “Table Talk” [Tischreden], the notes of his admirers published in book form, Luther said this about Our Lord Jesus Christ:

Martin Luther

A reproduction of Luther’s face based on his death mask

“Christ committed adultery first of all with the women at the well of Jacob about whom St. John wrote. ‘Was not everyone around Him murmuring: What has He been doing with her?’ After that, with Mary Magdalene, and then with the woman taken in adultery whom He dismissed so lightly. Thus, even Christ, who was so righteous, had to be guilty of fornication before He died.” (1)
“Don’t you think that the drunk Christ, having imbibed too much at the Last Supper, bewildered His disciples with his empty prattling? (2)
“Deus est stultissimus” [God is very stupid]. (3)
“Certainly God is great and almighty, good and merciful and all that one can imagine in this sense, but He is stupid.” (4)
“God always acts like a madman.” (5)

In personal notebooks written by Luther, recently discovered and studied by Fr. Theobald Beer, who published a book on the topic, the heresiarch affirmed that Christ is simultaneously God and Satan, good and evil.

Luther professed a Gnostic and heretical dualism. The Protestants ignore these writings of Luther, and the few preachers who know them, hide them.

Luther blamed God for all crimes of History and affirmed that Judas had no option but to betray Christ, just as Adam did. For God had already determined who would be sinners.

On the Mass

In some “forgotten” notes on the Mass, Luther wrote:

“When the Mass will be turned on its head, we will have turned the papacy on its head! Because it is upon the Mass, like a rock, that the papacy is completely supported, with its monasteries, bishoprics, colleges, altars, ministries and doctrine… All this will tumble down when this sacrilegious and abominable Mass tumbles.” (6)
On the Offertory, he wrote: “Then follows that abomination which is called the Offertory, where everything in it expresses oblation.” (7)
On the Canon of the Mass: “This abominable Canon is a collection of muddled lacunas; … it makes the Mass a sacrifice; offertories are added. The mass is not a sacrifice or the action of one who sacrifices. We see it as a sacrament or a testament. Let us call it a blessing, the eucharist, the table of the Lord or the memorial of the Lord.” (8)
On the tactic to install the Protestant mass: “To securely and happily reach our goal, we must keep some of the ceremonies of the old Mass, so that it will be accepted by the weak, who could be scandalized by too hasty changes.” (9)

On the priesthood

“What a madness to want to monopolize it [the priesthood] only for a few.” (10) For Luther, the priesthood was shared by all the faithful.

On his own behavior: “From morning to evening I do nothing and am drunk. You ask me why I drink so much, why I speak so loquaciously and why I eat so often. It is to fool the Devil who comes to torment me. … It is by eating, drinking, and laughing in this way, and then some more, and even by committing some sin, that I challenge and despise Satan, trying to replace the thoughts the Devil suggests with others, as for example, thinking with avarice of a beautiful girl or in a drunken stupor. Otherwise, I would be too furious.” (11)

“I had up to three wives at the same time.” Two months after he said that, he married a fourth one, a nun. (12)

On the Church

“If we condemn thieves to be hanged, burglars to the scaffold, and heretics to the fire, why should we not use all our weapons against these doctors of perdition, these cardinals, these popes, the whole sequel of the Roman Sodom, so that they will not corrupt the Church of God? Why should we not wash our hands in their blood?” (13)

1. Lutero, Tischredden, Conversas à mesa, Edição de Weimar, n 1472, vol. 2, p. 107, apud Funck Brentano, Martinho Lutero, Rio de Janeiro: Ed. Vecchi, 1956, p. 15.
2. Apud ibid, p. 135.
3. Lutero, conversas à mesa, n. 963, vol. 1, p. 487, apud F. Brentano, ibid. p. 147.
4. Ibid., apud ibid.
5. Apud ibid., p. 111.
6. Pere Barriele, Avant de Mourir, apud, Lex Orandi: “La Nouvelle Messe et la Foi,” Daniel Raffard de Brienne, 1983.
7. Henri Chartier, La Messe Ancienne et la Nouvelle, 1973, apud, Lex Orandi, ibid.
8. Luther, Sermon of the 1er dimanche de l”Avent, apud Lex Orandi, ibid.
9. Jacques Maritain, Trois Réformateurs, apud Lex Orandi, ibid.
10. Leon Cristiani, Du Lutheranisme au Proteatantism, 1900, apud, Lex Orandi, ibid.
11. Marie Carré, J’ai Choisi l’Unité, DPF, 1973, apud Lex Orandi, ibid.
12. Guy Le Rumeur, La Révolte des Hommes et l’Heure de Marie, 1981, apud Lex Orandi, ibid.
13. Hartmann Guisar, Martin Luther, La Vie er son Oeuvre, Paris: Lethielleux, 1931

Tradition in Action, June 4, 2012

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